Kidney Stones
 
  Kidney Stones are one of the most common problems that we treat at Alliance Urology Specialists. In fact, this part of the country is referred to as the “Stone Belt” due to the high incidence of kidney stones. If you have ever had the misfortune to experience this painful condition, you know how important it is to have rapid access to care.
     
At Alliance Urology Specialists we are fully equipped to handle the acute stone patient. During regular business hours, we can offer emergent, on-site diagnostics and treatment with much greater speed and efficiency than an over crowded emergency room. For patients who require a surgery, our proximity to North Elam Surgical Center and Wesley Long Hospital gives us rapid access to an operating suite so we can treat the stone within a few short hours when needed. A mobile lithotripsy unit for less invasive therapy is available twice weekly.   
     
Our diagnostic capabilities include on-site lab work, standard diagnostic x-rays and ultrasound, and a complete radiology suite including a high-speed spiral CT scanner that is the most sensitive test for stones. We know that a patient with a kidney stone requires the most expedient care, so our policy is to provide immediate appointments for individuals with the typical symptoms of flank pain, nausea, vomiting, and bloody urine.
     
We are equipped to manage acute pain with appropriate medications so that a patient doesn’t have to suffer for a prolonged period in an ER waiting room. Our goal is provide comfort, accuracy, and appropriate treatment as effectively and efficiently as possible.
     
If you have recurring kidney stones, Alliance Urology Specialists offers diagnostic studies that can help pinpoint the cause of the problem so we can reduce the risk of future stone formation.

Quick Facts About Kidney Stones:
Kidney Stones are classified based upon their composition. There are five basic types of kidney stones.

Calcium Stone- This is the most common type of kidney stone (75%-80%). It is comprised of oxalates and phosphates which are found in the foods we eat.

Uric Acid- This stone is relatively common (5%-15%), can occur when there is a high concentration of uric acid in the urine. They are preventable with alkalinization of the urine.

Struvite Stone- often referred to as the “infection stone” and is associated with a urinary tract infection.  Struvite stones are comprised of magnesium ammonium phosphate and calcium carbonate apatite.

Cystine Stone- this is a relatively rare stone and commonly occurs in children and adolescents who have a rare genetic kidney disorder (cystinuria).

Drug Induced Stone- Certain medication crystallizes to form stones. The most common medication is an HIV drug.

Diagnosis
-X-ray
-Metabolic Stone Evaluation

Treatment
-Lithotripsy
-Laser and Ultrasonic Fractalization
-Dissolution
-Basket Extraction

Prevention of Kidney Stones
-Increase fluid intake (8-10 glasses of water/day)
-Modify your diet
-Increase fiber
-Avoid foods high in oxalates
-Lower salt intake
-Receiving recommended amounts of calcium

     
    



 
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